Ukraine has been one of Estonia’s development cooperation priority countries for over 10 years. Since 2015, the assistance to Ukraine has been around 2,7 million EUR per year, which includes both development cooperation and humanitarian aid.
Estonia has prepared the bases of development cooperation for 2019 to support cooperation between Estonia and Ukraine. These establish high-priority cooperation areas, based on UA priorities and Estonia’s experiences and ability to offer added value. The areas of cooperation for 2019 are:
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs also supports the Estonian Centre of Eastern Partnership’s activities in all Eastern Partnership countries, including Ukraine. The Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership , which was established in January of 2011, contributes to the development of a democratic society through the training of officials and the passing on reform experience.
Estonia’s development cooperation activities at the regional level have taken place primarily in Chernigov oblast, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast and in Dnepropetrovsk region, in Lviv. Development cooperation projects have also been carried out in Crimea and Luhansk Oblast. In addition to supporting the central government, regional cooperation can not be forgotten and cooperation in this regard must also continue.
In recent years, cooperation has intensified in the field of education. Since 2010, the Estonian Foreign Ministry supports student studies on the level of Masters and Doctoral studies in Estonian universities and research and development institutions.
Estonia has contributed to guaranteeing peace, stability and security in Ukraine and to a reduction of tensions through the support of the OSCE’s special missions. Since 2014, Estonia has supported OSCE Special Mission to Ukraine with 12 people. In addition, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has supported the OSCE special mission in Ukraine with 300 000 EUR. Currently two people from Estonia are working as part of the EU CSDP mission (common security and defence policy) EUAM (EU Advisory Mission) Ukraine.
In 2019, more than million euros has been allocated for humanitarian aid to Ukraine (International Red Cross Committee (ICRC), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Ukrainian representation of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)).